Updated August 12, 2021
Cuomo’s transit system disaster lasted 4 years, longest of any in governor’s tenure
Hurricane Sandy: 2 Years, 3 Months
COVID-19: 1 Year, 3 Months
Following the expiration of MTA and COVID-19 states of emergency, Governor Cuomo has issued a new disaster declaration on gun violence, Executive Order 211, which was renewed on August 5, 2021. The MTA state of emergency was first declared by Governor Cuomo on June 30, 2017 via Executive Order 168. The MTA declaration lasted for 4 years, expiring on June 29th, 2021. This is longer than the state’s emergency declarations for both Hurricane Sandy and COVID-19.
After repeated requests for the Governor to end the MTA state of emergency, on May 13, 2021, fifteen watchdog and advocacy groups asked the Legislature to pass a resolution to overturn EO 168. The groups said the order was an overly broad use of executive powers that suspended important anti-corruption and environmental safeguards, and undermined the fiduciary duty of the MTA Board. The EO allowed $467 million worth of contracts to be issued by MTA staff without prior MTA Board approval.
The Governor’s latest Executive Order 211.1 on gun violence suspends Sections 112 and 163 of the State Finance Law which relate to competitive bidding and the State Comptroller’s review of contracts. These sections are also suspended in a separate disaster declaration, Executive Order 198, which relates to Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence River Flooding, and has been in effect for more than 20 months. The Governor’s FY 2020-2021 executive budget eliminated the requirements from Section 112 and 163 of the State Finance Law for a number of appropriations; this was opposed by the State Comptroller as well as Reinvent Albany and other watchdogs.
MTA Disaster Declaration Lasted Longer Than Hurricane Sandy’s Emergency Order
The MTA disaster declaration is the longest continuing state of emergency in Governor Cuomo’s tenure, lasting 1,460 days, or 4 years. According to research conducted by Reinvent Albany, emergency disaster declarations related to Hurricane Sandy lasted from October 26, 2012 to February 2, 2015 when Executive Order 135 expired, a total of 830 days (2 years and 3 months). Below is a list of executive orders that have been extended for more than a year by Governor Cuomo, as well as the current gun violence executive orders.
|Stated Emergency||Executive Order(s) Declaring an Emergency||Duration of Emergency Declaration, to date||Length of Emergency Declaration
|Gun Violence (currently active)||EO 211-211.1||July 6, 2021 - September 4, 2021||60 days|
|COVID-19||EO 202-202.111, 205-205.3||March 7, 2020 - June 24, 2021||475 days:
1 year, 3 months, 18 days
|Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence River Flooding|
|EO 198-198.19||November 20, 2019 - September 1, 2021||651 days: 1 year, 9 months and 11 days|
|Hurricane Sandy||EO 47, 98, 109, 116, 134, 135||October 26, 2012 - February 2, 2015||830 days:
2 years, 3 months, 8 days
|MTA Disaster||EO 168 to 168.49||June 30, 2017 - June 28, 2021||1,460 days:
Legislature Should Introduce Legislation to Require Legislative Approval for States of Emergency Lasting More Than One Year
Given the history of continued disaster declarations by the Governor, the Legislature should introduce and pass legislation that will require emergency declarations lasting more than one year to be affirmatively approved by the Legislature to help rein in the overuse of executive power. Under current law, the Legislature can pass a resolution to overturn an executive order or emergency declaration, but initial approval is not required.
Under Section 28 of Article 2-B of the Executive Law, emergency disaster declarations cannot last more than 180 days, but may be renewed by the Governor. Suspensions of law once an emergency is declared can last a maximum of 30 days, but can also be renewed by the Governor. In practice, recent executive orders have both declared a disaster and suspended specific sections of laws for a period of 30 days.
Research Notes: Governor Cuomo’s Executive Orders are available through an Executive Orders Page on his website, https://www.governor.ny.gov/executiveorders. However, this is not user-friendly and does not collate orders that were renewed. An easier to view list is available at Cornell Law School’s Legal Institute website. More recent orders should be accessed through the Governor’s website.